The lower back pain lumbar is a remarkably well-engineered structure of interlinking bones, joints, nerves, ligaments, and muscles all working altogether to provide support, capability, and malleability. Nevertheless, this complex structure also leaves the low back hypersensitive to injury and pain.
Range of Lower Back Pain Symptoms:
Low back pain can integrate a wide variety of symptoms. It can be gentle and merely annoying or it can be severe and debilitating. Low back pain may start all of a sudden, or it could beginning slowly—possibly coming and going—and bit by bit get worse over time.
Depending on the basic cause of the pain, symptoms can be versed in a variety of ways. For example:
- Pain that is dull or achy, contained to the low back
- Stinging, burning pain that moves from the low back to the backs of the thighs, sometimes into the lower legs or feet; can include numbness or tingling (sciatica)
- Muscle spasms and tightness in the low back, pelvis, and hips
- Pain that worsens after prolonged sitting or standing
- Difficulty standing up straight, walking, or going from standing to sitting
Besides this, symptoms of lower back pain lumbar are usually described by type of onset and duration:
- Acute pain. This kind of pain typically comes on suddenly and lasts for a few days or weeks, and is regarded a normal response of the body to injury or tissue damage. The pain eventually subsides as the body heals.
- Sub-acute low back pain. Lasting between 7 weeks and 3 months, this type of pain is usually mechanical in nature but is delayed. At this point of time, a medical workup may be reckoned, and is suggested if the pain is severe and limits one’s ability to participate in activities of daily living, sleeping, and routine working.
- Chronic back pain. Usually defined as lower back pain that lasts over three months, this kind of pain is usually severe, does not respond to initial surgeries, and needs a thorough medical workup to determine the exact source of the pain.
Types of lower back pain lumbar:
There are many ways to categorize lower back pain lumbar – two common kinds include:
- Mechanical pain. By far the most common cause of lower back pain, axial pain is pain primarily from the muscles, ligaments, joints, or bones in and around the spinal cord. This type of pain tends to be localized to the lumbar back, buttocks, and sometimes at the top of the legs. It is usually influenced by loading the spinal cord and may feel assorted based on motion activity, standing, sitting, or resting.
- Radicular pain. This type of pain can happen if a spinal nerve root becomes impinged or inflamed. Radicular pain may follow a nerve root pattern or dermatome down into the buttock or the leg. Its specific sensation is sharp, electric, burning-type pain and can be reckoned with numbness or weakness. It is eventually felt on only one side of the body.
There are many extra sources of pain, including abdication pain myelopathic pain, neuropathic pain, deformity, tumors, infections, pain from inflammatory conditions and pain that initiates from another part of the body and presents in the lower back. It is also possible for lower back pain lumbar to develop with no definitive cause. When this takes place, the primary focus is on treating the symptoms and the patient’s overall fitness.
For sub-acute and chronic types of back pain, a thorough diagnosis is all-important to lay the foundation for appropriate treatment and rehabilitation. Lower back pain treatment minimizes the likelihood of recurrent back pain flare-ups and helps prevent the development of chronic lower back pain.