How to value real estate companies

In recent years, property prices have skyrocketed. Three factors that affect property prices are cost, interest rate, and income levels. Given that in India the shortage of residential units is approximately 19 million, the demand side will never be a problem. Lower interest rates and tax incentives for repayment of mortgage loans dramatically increased the affordability and demand for residential properties after 2005. And as supply lags behind demand for residential properties, prices increased dramatically. Similarly, growth in the IT and ITES sector and the organized retail sector resulted in an increase in commercial property prices.

Driven by high prices for commercial and residential properties, the valuation of real estate companies also increased dramatically. The size of ‘land banks’ is seen by some investors as a key parameter for investing in real estate companies, and they give little thought to the margins and the lead time it takes to complete these projects. The main obstacle to this approach is that even loss-making companies will be highly valued, despite having poor fundamentals.

While the size of the land banks in possession provides an indication of the expected growth in revenue for a real estate company, investors should also consider certain proportions specific to this industry. Operating margin and return on capital employed should not be ignored as they provide valuable insight into the operating efficiency of a DHA Multan plots real estate company. Also, since real estate projects have a long gestation period, it is important to understand how the company is financed. Therefore, debt to equity and working capital to sales are very important relationships that will be applied when analyzing such companies.

Investors who value real estate companies based on total land in use use the “best price per square foot” method to value the size of the land, experts say, since it tends to ignore the risks involved They use the ‘normalized price per square foot’ or the ‘profit per square foot’ are more appropriate methods According to some experts, the Price / Earnings and Price to Sales ratio are appropriate methods to value real estate companies.

One of the main shortcomings of land bank valuations in determining the value of real estate companies is that there is no standard price that can be used. Furthermore, land prices differ greatly from place to place. Using higher values ​​per square foot will tend to overvalue companies.

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